Ulcerative Colitis Mouth Sores
IBD manifests itself in the mouth as ulcerative colitis mouth sores, or aphthous ulcerations, which can be caused by both the condition itself and the medications that people may take for this condition. These ulcerations occur anywhere inside the mouth on the soft tissues, such as the cheek and gums, and generally last for seven to 10 days. Severe sores can last for several weeks.
Though they might not be as painful as ulcerative colitis mouth sores caused by the disease, people with IBD can also develop mouth sores from nutritional deficiencies. If the pain and symptoms of IBD make it difficult to eat, patients can be at risk for malnutrition. A lack of B vitamins in particular can cause mouth sores and swelling, notes Health Union.
Treatment and Care
To prevent oral lesions avoid any foods that might exacerbate your symptoms. These can vary from person to person, but might include anything acidic like citrus fruits or sharp and crunchy like chips and pretzels. Brushing twice daily and maintaining good oral care may help to keep your mouth clean and free of sores.
If you do notice a sore, try to keep it as clean as possible to avoid infections from food particles or bacteria buildup. Staying well hydrated, avoiding hot liquids and spicy foods and using an antibacterial mouthwash may all help manage the discomfort of sores when they flare up.
People who experience mouth sores related to IBD can visit their dentist to monitor their size and severity. If you have any digestive condition, talk to your dentist and doctor to find a treatment plan that works for you.